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softening point of bitumen pdf

  • Standard Test Method for Softening Point of Bitumen (Ring .

    bitumen cleanly with a slightly heated knife or spatula, so that each disk is flush and level with the top of its ring. 9. Procedure 9.1 Select one of the following bath liquids and thermom-eters appropriate for the expected softening point: 9.1.1 Freshly boiled distilled water for softening points

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  • 10.5 Flash Point and Fire Point Tests of Bitumen 10.5.1 .

    10.5 Flash Point and Fire Point Tests of Bitumen 10.5.1 Introduction Flash point of bitumen is the temperature at which, it's vapour will ignite temporarily during heating, when a small flame is brought into contact with the vapour. The knowledge of this point is of interest mainly to the user, since the bitumen must not be heated to this point.

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  • softening point of bitumen.pdf - Faculty Faculty of Civil .

    View softening point of bitumen.pdf from MATH BWB31003 at Tun Hussein Onn University of Malaysia. Faculty : Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering Department : Department of .

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  • Standard Test Method for Softening Point of Bitumen (Ring .

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the softening point of bitumen in the range from 30 to 157°C [86 to 315°F] using the ring-and-ball apparatus immersed in distilled water [30 to 80°C] or USP glycerin (above 80 to 157°C).

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  • (PDF) Viscosity Characteristics of Modified Bitumen

    PDF | The effect of commercial additive Sasobit wax (S) on the viscosity characteristics of bitumen 60/70-penetration grade is yet to be fully understood. The viscosity of bitumen is the measure .

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  • Assessing the impact of VG30 grade bitumen with and .

    modifiers in VG30 grade bitumen for determine short term aging. The changing effects on physical properties in terms of the bituminous binders with and without EVA were measured before aging and after aging were measured. The results show that after ageing softening point increases, penetration decreases and elastic

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  • Comparison of Temperature Variations for Softening Point .

    stiffening of the bitumen. Tunnicliff (1962), Kandhal (1981), Anderson (1987) and Cooley et al (1998), among others, have looked into this aspect over many years since the beginning of last century. In the Western Cape there seems to be an inherent harshness in of the continuously . the two apparatus measure the softening point of the same .

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  • 9 TEST TO CHECK QUALITY OF BITUMEN FOR USE IN ROAD .

    Sep 11, 2015 · Softening Point Test. Softening point denotes the temperature at which the bitumen attains a particular degree of softening under the specified condition of test. The test is conducted by using Ring and Ball apparatus. A brass ring containing test sample of bitumen is suspended in liquid like water or glycerin at a given temperature.

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  • (PDF) Softening point and Penetration Index of bitumen .

    The softening point (SP) and penetration index (PI) of bitumen from parts of southwestern Nigeria are important properties needed for better design and optimization of the upgrading process of .

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  • ASTM Ring and Ball Softening Point Test - YouTube

    May 01, 2008 · ASTM Ring and Ball Softening Point Test this is the astm version of the test, the water is not stirred during this test, in the British Standard version the water in the beaker is stirred. This .

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  • How Softening Point of Bitumen, Asphalt or Coal Can be .

    In this post, I will show you how to determine the softening point of bitumen by the ring ball test method.The procedure is same for bitumen, asphalt or coal.As you know, there are so many types of bitumen available for your pavement construction.

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  • Softening Point - PDF Free Download

    The softening point is the temperature at which a substance attains a particular degree of softness under specified conditions of test. The average softening point test is 33.1˚C. According to the reference that we used in this experiment, the type of bitumen used should achieve softening point 45°C 52°C.

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  • (PDF) Petroleum & Coal THE USE OF JATROPHA OIL FOR .

    Whether the purpose of the bitumen would be for its usage in paving roads or in making synthetic crude oil, the knowledge of the softening point is vital [1,6]. Bitumen with lower softening point tends to melt on the road in summer and start flowing under the impact of temperature and traffic [5].

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  • PERFORMANCE GRADED BITUMEN SPECIFICATIONS

    PERFORMANCE GRADED BITUMEN SPECIFICATIONS . Christina Chin. Sustainable Infrastructure Management Department . ARRB Group . 500 Burwood Highway, Vermont South, Australia . [email protected] . ABSTRACT . Penetration graded specifications for bituminous binders focus on the low service temperature (25°C) properties of the binder.

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  • 10.2 Bitumen Softening Test 10.2.1 General Requirements 10 .

    bitumen, is the ring and ball softening point test. The scope of this test is to provide a method for determining the consistency of semi-solid and bituminous materials in which the sole or major constituent is either bitumen or tar pitch. 10.2.1.2 Definition. The softening point of a bituminous material is the temperature at which

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  • 12 - Road-construction bitumens characteristics -2 .

    Bitumen with higher softening point, is then of course preferred in warmer places. 5:32. Also in general, the higher is the softening point, the lower is the penetration rate. 5:39. Nevertheless, it is possible to increase the softening point . separately from the penetration.

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  • Softening Point Apparatus, Asphalt Testing - Humboldt Mfg

    Simple Beaker set-up for Softening Point Testing. H-1595 Softening Point Apparatus Set w/ Burner. Ring and ball method softening point apparatus with gas burner, beaker and stand. H-1596.XX Softening Point Apparatus Set w/ Hotplate. Ring and ball method softening point apparatus with electric hotplate, beaker and stand. H-1567.4F Digital, Auto .

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  • Comparison of Temperature Variations for Softening Point .

    stiffening of the bitumen. Tunnicliff (1962), Kandhal (1981), Anderson (1987) and Cooley et al (1998), among others, have looked into this aspect over many years since the beginning of last century. In the Western Cape there seems to be an inherent harshness in of the continuously . the two apparatus measure the softening point of the same .

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  • What is the difference between tar, asphalt, bitumen? - Quora

    Apr 13, 2017 · tar - a resinous, usually brown or blackish substance. asphalt - a mixture of dark bituminous pitch with sand or grave. bitumen - a black viscous mixture of hydrocarbons obtained naturally or as a residue from petroleum distillation. Of these, tar is the most generic term, because tars can occur naturally or by distillation or chemical reaction. There is coal tar, and tobacco tar.

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  • softening point of bitumen (1).pdf - Faculty Faculty of .

    View softening point of bitumen (1).pdf from MATH BWB31003 at Tun Hussein Onn University of Malaysia. Faculty : Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering Department : Department of

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  • Bitumen grade 60/70 - nikashuk

    bitumen grade 60/70 specification test method specific gravity @25/25 c 1.01-1.06 d-70 penetration @25 c 60/70 d-5 softening point c 49/56 d-36 ductility @25 c 100 min d-113 loss on heating (wt)% 0.2 max d-6 drop in penetration after heating % 20 max d-6 & d-5 flash point c 250min d-92 solubility in cs2 (wt)% 99.5 min d-4

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  • Softening Point Ring and Ball Apparatus - Gilson Co.

    LP-16 Softening Point Ring and Ball Apparatus determines the softening point of asphalt, coal tar pitch and other viscoelastic bitumens in the range of 30°—157°C (86°—315°F). The unit simultaneously tests two samples for optimal compliance with standard test procedures. Steel balls are placed on top of bitumen specimen disks in test rings in a bath.

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  • To Determine the Softening Point of Bitumen

    Bitumen is viscous elastic material without sharply defined melting points. They gradually become softer and less viscous as the temperature rises. This is the reason why the softening point of bitumen is determined. Softening point is not a melting point, bituminous material do not melt but instead gradually change from semi solids to liquids on application to heating.

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  • Ageing of Bituminous Binders – Laboratory Tests and Field .

    (Cf. Section 2.2) and was an attempt to make fresh samples of the same type of bitumen as used in the construction of the roads. The binders included a viscosity-grade bitumen A120 (penetration 220 dmm, softening point 35.3ºC), a penetration-grade bitumen B85 (penetration 76 dmm, softening point 45.5ºC), and a polymer modified bitumen PMB20

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  • Bitumen grade 60/70 - nikashuk

    bitumen grade 60/70 specification test method specific gravity @25/25 c 1.01-1.06 d-70 penetration @25 c 60/70 d-5 softening point c 49/56 d-36 ductility @25 c 100 min d-113 loss on heating (wt)% 0.2 max d-6 drop in penetration after heating % 20 max d-6 & d-5 flash point c 250min d-92 solubility in cs2 (wt)% 99.5 min d-4

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  • Bitumen 60/70 Technical Data Sheet - PHOENIX INT

    Bitumen 60/70 Technical Data Sheet November 2014 DESCRIPTION: Bitumen Penetration Grade 60/70 is a standard penetration grade Bitumen usually used as a Paving Grade Bitumen suitable for road construction and for the production of asphalt pavements with superior properties. This grade of Bitumen is mainly used in the

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  • softening point of bitumen.pdf - Faculty Faculty of Civil .

    View softening point of bitumen.pdf from MATH BWB31003 at Tun Hussein Onn University of Malaysia. Faculty : Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering Department : Department of .

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  • Ring-Ball Test for Softening Point of Bitumen, Asphalt and .

    Softening Point of Bitumen, Asphalt and Coal Tar. The softening point of bitumen or tar is the temperature at which the substance attains particular degree of softening. As per IS: 334-1982, ASTM E28-67 or ASTM D36 or ASTM D6493 – 11, it is the temperature in ºC at which a standard ball passes through a sample of bitumen in a mould and falls .

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  • PERFORMANCE OF POLYMER MODIFIED BITUMEN FOR .

    of the bitumen. These additives increase the elasticity, decrease the brittle point and increase the softening point of the bitumen. This, in turn, will alter the properties of the mix in which such modified bitumen is used and these mixes will exhibit greater stiffness at higher temperature and high flexibility at low temperatures.

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  • HHPPP BBIITTTUUUMMMEEEN NN .

    HHPPP BBIITTTUUUMMMEEEN NN HHHAAANNDDDBBBOOOOOKKK . 2 Types of Bitumen 2 - 3 3 Introduction to Viscosity Grade 4 4 Properties of Bitumen 5 - 6 5 Advantages of Viscosity Grade 7 - 8 6 Tests for VG Grade Bitumen 9 - 13 7 Aging of Bitumen 14 - 15 . softening points and very low penetration number.

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